Demolition of the fourth pillar of the welfare. LAPAD reforms and local governmentby Escola de l'IGOP on May 13, 2013 • 11:09 am No Comments
TONI VILÀ. These cuts or conjunctural crisis is due to the state government it takes to make a radical change to social policies reminiscent of times past?
These days we are witnessing a new offensive against the welfare state. After health, pensions and education now is the turn to social services. Some of the measures of "rationalization" and "reform" -new euphemisms to describe cuts social rights- that inclou the "National Reform Programme 2013 of the Kingdom of Spain", affect what politicians like to call fourth pillar of the welfare state; and dir, social services, built in the last forty years and have contributed so much to avoid poverty and inequality and to achieve social cohesion and peace.
First, we refer to the Law on the Promotion of Personal Autonomy and Care for the dependent (LAPAD), well known as the Dependency Law. This rule was modified from the first legislative measures adopted to deal with the crisis, as if it refers to an unnecessary luxury and not the welfare of a group of very vulnerable people and their families. Until the aforementioned "National Program" law had suffered five cuts (see table 1) Affecting its core: the right to autonomy (if recipients wish to receive care benefit the family now decides the caretaker government and no longer pays social security), reducing the intensity of services and amounts of benefits, increase the contributions of users and reducing state funding, delays in the implementation of the law and the perception the amounts due, among others.
Table 1. Reforms in the text LAPAD
After the reform last summer, little was supportive of that law and the enormous expectations created by politicians, but cuts "National Program" by 2013 (Additional reduction of 1.108 million) give the coup de grace to a rule, it should be recalled, at the time he received the support of the party that now governs. Moreover, these cuts have been hidden, among other laws, and most emergency procedures, avoided the need for social debate. Really look very disproportionate sacrifices demanded of this group, already suffered so many needs and sufferings, which contrasts with the passive attitude tax fraud and corruption or tolerance with banks, which it hastens the return of the immense support received to deal with the crisis generated.
The second deal damage model for social services is also on the path of "rationalization": The "Law of rationalization and sustainability of the local" showing, plus an invasion of the powers of the Autonomous Communities have exclusive powers already that all social services and some locally under, a marked bias economics, enormous ambiguity and financial powers and a reduction of local autonomy. Everything points to an end the social services model rests on proximity, rights and public accountability and shift to welfarism, centralization and privatization. Specifically, the new law reduces municipal responsibilities in social services " evaluation and information and social situations need immediate attention to people at risk of social exclusion”, further submits that the economic assessment and a "cost of service standards"To be set by the state (see table 2). If this reform intended to achieve an overall savings 8.000 million euros for the period 2014-15, We can get an idea of the size of the reductions that may have financial and human resources and, consequently, Services.
Table 2. Major reforms proposed in the Local Government Act rules relating to social services
Regarding privatization, the draft clearly indicates that the objective is " encourage private initiative avoiding disproportionate administrative interventions”. This process regression is completed with another explicit objective, “ promote voluntary action aimed at improving the situation of people in poverty or social exclusion, through collaboration between government, NGOs and companies"Clearly shows the Retoño welfarism.
All this generates a question: Are cuts or conjunctural crisis is due to the state government it takes to make a radical change to social policies reminiscent of times past?