MARC MARTÍ. If until now the tools for city planning are based on more or less, the ability to generate economic gains, extract an experiment aimed at social gains must be received, at least, amb optimisme. The most innovative urban recycling happens, rehabilitation, the reparation, reconstruction and reclaiming what is all. Microactuacions col.laboratives que, added, favor a more radical change on how to live in the city.
Fourteen public solar Barcelona are ready to be transferred to various organizations in the city. Something unthinkable a few years ago when the most innovative and daring (either by neighborhood associations or councils) to a temporary use urban spaces were converted into parking lots. Beyond the obvious fact that the crisis leads to paralysis in the construction, tant private with public, and the panels provide closed above problems, Pattern EMPTY (Empty Social Involvement and Urban Planning) of the City Council can glimpse something other than the desire to avoid the degradation of certain urban areas.
If until now the tools for city planning are based on more or less, the ability to generate economic gains, extract an experiment aimed at social gains must be received, at least, amb optimisme. Nine of the fourteen winning proposals allocate its solar cultivate fruits and vegetables. In this sense, Gaps Plan is an experiment so new: the environmental area of the City managed from the late 90 Urban Gardens Network, with 12 orchards, divided into small plots, are awarded to people over 65 and great people at risk of exclusion, through a temporary assignment for five years. In these areas they have added numerous community initiatives to create social orchards that have been proliferating in the city and have received renewed impetus from the emergence of 15M. Orchard Plaza Catalonia outraged it was a statement of intent that has resulted in different areas of orchards neighborhoods. Among the precedents can cite the garden of the CSO Vakeria Hospitalet, in the early 90, and his long career, rooted in the territory, socio-educational project and strong commitment to permaculture, is required to emphasize the suburban gardens Can Masdeu. Examples of such initiatives repressed by the authorities are finally taken and developed, their way, by administrations.
The main difference with respect to the Plan Empty your wealth is that it has enabled a space, in the sense both symbolic geographical, meeting citizens' initiatives and the City Council for the collective appropriation of urban space. So, users are individuals in the case of the Urban Gardens Network, but nonprofit organizations, especially those located in the district in question. Neither is restricted to use urban agriculture, despite being the best proposal, but the call was open to proposals for educational use, Sports, Recreational, artistic, Any combination of these social. In a culture of urban planning based on the determination of land use and a political culture based on distrust citizens, This openness and indeterminacy with respect to uses is an innovation by the City. So, after the assignment agreement, management space will be held by the entity or entities that citizens have won the competition (mainly residents' associations and / or third sector organizations), in line with the management of public facilities that citizen, contradictorily, has never been driven strongly by the local government, i with such denounces it platform for managing public organizations.
However, it is an "open" rather than controlled, especially regarding the selection process of prior panels that have been put to tender. Not clear what are the criteria to be followed by the City Council, beyond the explicit and implicit distribution districts coincide with claims of certain solar neighborhood, such as solar Sisters. A revived neighborhood associations to the left of the Eixample (also hand 15M) which has brought together around Recreant Cruïlles, will be officially responsible for giving life to nearly 600m2 of space; only a small part, but, of 5.500 m2 claimed by urban movement. Surely by now the City Council will have an inventory of publicly owned sites throughout the city and put his hand on fire in the nineteen are at stake Plan Gaps. In addition to responding to process claim public space already underway, perhaps it would be more logical to start there: they were their own neighbors, together with the administration, the sword to assess which are the most suitable underutilized, eg, depending on the characteristics of the space, the needs of the territory or the potential to give texit cultural activity. Who has deserted the transfer of five panels is a symptom of the technocratic logic topographic and not at all connected with the complex socio logic and needs of the inhabitants located.
It, because, an interesting initiative but also fearful. Not only for the limited number of spaces, but also for self-limitation in municipal sites. Because municipal buildings or other property administration, rather undersell's, made available to the social fabric? Or even solar, local and private buildings in use? Clearly that is public property facilitates the process, but government, if they, have enough tools and incentives to enforce the social function of property, contained in Article 33.2 Spanish Constitution. A couple of examples can be inspiring as overflow in the current Plan Gaps: the City of Milan, now led by a leftist government, promoted a ambitious plan to reuse abandoned spaces which not only includes municipal sites, but also public and private buildings in use (at least in the diagnosis phase). So, have been mapped in an open and collaborative hundreds of disused spaces or infrutilitzats in all districts of the city, and made public. Among all areas inventoried, from different regional forums, has been selected to drive one pilot, with the aim that these experiences contaminate the entire city. The powerful political city of Amsterdam reuse disused buildings and spaces to turn them into shared workspaces could be another example. A city that would not be understood without the historical power of squatting and public involvement, at least until recently, to prevent the existence of empty homes and shops.
The problem of space, disused buildings and houses can not be transferred at no cost to the public. As shown Scandinavia, a vital civil society is not contradictory with a powerful public authorities, especially when the latter act in the interests of common. At the beginning of the plan, management plan included in the gaps solar minimum expected cost to the municipal coffers and thus included in the rating scale proposals. Those projects more economically self-sufficient received a higher score. However, self does not necessarily mean desresponsabilització by public authorities, either in the field budget, and it is clear that the suitability of the sites require some investment, it should be assumed, largely, by the administration. To cite an experience closer, the program pioner " This is not a plot"In the historic center of Zaragoza has cost one million euros for conditioning 14 Solar. We can speak of urban low-cost, però no a cost zero. Social organizations, cultural and neighborhood also suffer the effects of the crisis, either by way of voluntary contributions as the reduction of public subsidies. The general lack of resources must be replaced, more, the cooperation between public authorities, owners, communities and / or entrepreneurs who want to reappropriate themselves of unused urban spaces. Initiatives such as the Urban Housing, inexplicably undervalued by management, were precisely in this direction.
For good and bad crisis is changing many things. The planning does not happen today because neither major events, or large urban projects, or by star architects. Or even to build, which undertakes both the architecture as a discipline logic urban planning based on growth Infinitely. The most innovative urban recycling happens, rehabilitation, the reparation, reconstruction and re-appropriation of it all. Microactuacions col.laboratives que, added, favor a more radical change on how to live in the city. Pay attention not only to the form, but also social relations are flowing, perceptions, uses and especially to the needs of new spaces for sociability, creativity and production. The Empty Plan timidly points in this direction, but there is still the question of whether flower or a crisis deeper change in the way to town.